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KS3 Science

Please see below Science Curriculum overview and I Can statements.


Curriculum Overview


Year 7

Year 8 Year 9 (GCSE)

  Autumn Term 1


  • Structure and function of body systems
  • Cells


  • Light
  • Sound
  • Cell Structure
  • Atomic structure
  Autumn Term 2

Organisms 2

  • Health and lifestyle
  • Reproduction in animals and plants


  • Chemical reactions
  • Acids and metals
  • Motion
  • Organisation & digestive system

 Spring Term 1

Particles and their behavior

  • Particle model
  • Atoms, elements and compounds
  • Separating techniques

The Earth

  • The rock cycle
  • The carbon cycle
  • Space
  • Respiration
  • Periodic table
  • Energy transfer by heating

 Spring Term 2


  • Mass & weight
  • Gravity
  • Hooke’s Law

Motion and pressure

  • Speed, distance, time
  • Calculating pressure

Ecosystems processes

  • Photosynthesis & respiration
  • Adaptations
  • Photosynthesis
  • Structure and bonding

Summer Term 1


  • Electricity
  • Magnetism


  • Energy transfers
  • Energy equations
  • Adaptations
  • Waves
 Summer Term 2

Periodic Table

  • Periodic table
  • Acids & Alkalis
  • Metals and acids

Required practical’s

  • Skills
  • Practical perfection
  • EM waves
  • Cell division





Year 7, Autumn Term, Unit 1

I can (Foundation)… 

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)...  I can (Excellent)... 
Label some parts of the microscope   Label all parts of the microscope and state what they do  Work out the magnification of a microscope  

Prepare a specimen to view under the microscope  

Label some parts of a plant and animal cell 


Know some features of at least 1 specialised cell  

Label all the plant and animal cells with some functions  


Describe the features of at least 2 specialised cells  

Describe all the parts of the plants and animal cell and their function  


Be able to deduct features of specialised cells by knowing their function  

Compare a plant and animal cell and know why they have certain features 


Apply the features of specialised cells to certain scenarios 

State that particles can move from one area to another  

Describe what diffusion is using the correct keywords  

Explain what affects the rate of diffusion  

Apply diffusion to digestion and respiration 

State the difference between multicellular and unicellular organisms  

Describe the structure of at least one unicellular organism 

Describe the structure of both unicellular organisms 

Compare the structures and functions of Amoebas and Euglenas  



Year 7, Autumn Term, Unit 2

I can (Foundation)…

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)...  I can (Excellent)... 

 State the levels of organisation 

Describe the levels of organisation  

Label some organs in the body 

Link up organ systems to their functions  

Label all of the organs in the body 

Label all f the organs and describe their functions  

Label the parts of the lungs   Describe the function of each part of the lungs   Describe how we breathe in and out   Compare breathing to a bell jar  
Label some parts of the skeleton   Describe why we have a skeleton   Explain why cartilage and ligaments are important between bones  Explain certain diseases of cartilage/joints  
Label some muscles in the body  Describe the function of some of the major muscle groups   Describe why muscles need to be in pairs 

Explain the effect of a certain muscle injury. 

Link muscle cell structure to function and respiration 


Year 7, Autumn Term, Unit 3

I can (Foundation)…

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)... 

I can (Excellent)... 

State the 7 food groups  

 Give examples of the 7 food groups 


State the function of the 7 food groups  

State how to test for the different nutrients 

Explain what would happen when somebody is deficient in some food groups  

Know the results of the food test practical 

Label some parts of the digestive system  Label all the digestive system and explain what each part does  Describe what enzymes are and their role in digestion  Explain the role of enzymes in digestion, where they are produced and give examples 
Give examples of some drugs  Describe the difference between recreational and medicinal drugs  Describe the effect of alcohol on pregnancy  Interpret graphs and tables on data about drugs and alcohol 
State the chemicals found in cigarettes   Describe some of the diseases caused by smoking   Interpret graphs and tables on data about smoking and describe the effect of smoking on pregnancy  Link the respiratory system to smoking and describe the effects on the different parts of the respiratory system 

Year 7, Autumn Term, Unit 4

I can (Foundation)…

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)...  I can (Excellent)... 
Describe some of the changes between males and females during puberty 

Describe all of the changes and what causes puberty  


Name some parts of the male and female reproductive system 

Respond to anther teenager having a problem and articulate to them what changes they are going through 


Name all parts of at one of the reproductive systems

 Name all parts of both of the reproductive systems and explain the function of each part 

State what fertilisation is   Describe where sperm and egg cell meet   What happens during sexual intercourse  I can explain the journey of the sperm to the egg in detail and why only 1-20 have a chance of reaching the egg 

State what gestation is  

Label the placenta, amniotic fluid and the umbilical cord 

Describe which parts of a foetus develop first 


Describe the role of the placenta 

Explain the stage of development in the womb 


Describe the role of the placenta, amniotic fluid and the umbilical cord 
Explain problems a mother faces when she is pregnant and the effect on the foetus linking placenta, amniotic fluid and the umbilical cord 
Define the term menstrual cycle and contraception  

Briefly describe why females menstruate  


Name one form of contraception  

Explain why females menstruate using some key words  


Name different forms of contraception 

Interpret data on the menstrual cycle  


Describe the difference between physical and chemical contraception  

Label some parts of a flower 

Identify what seeds need to grow  

Label all the parts of a flower  


State the definition of pollination 

State the definition of plant fertilisation 

Identify the differences between insect and wind pollinated plants 


Describe what is in a seed 

Explain the difference between insect and wind pollinated plants  


Explain the stages of plant growth 
State ways seeds can be dispersed   Describe how seeds can be dispersed by wind  Describe all the methods of how seeds can be dispersed   Explain how a seed is adapted to its method of dispersal 



Year 8, Autumn Term, Unit 1

I can (Foundation)…

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)...  I can (Excellent)... 
State that light travels in straight lines. State the speed of light

 Describe what happens when light interacts with different materials. Draw a diagram to show how we see objects

 Explain why transparent objects can appear dark

Explain what is meant by a light year 
State the law of reflection  Draw diagrams to show how images are formed in mirrors 

Explain the difference between specular reflection and diffuse scattering. 

Explain why some surfaces aren’t reflective. 

Give the definition for refraction

Describe what happens when light passes through a lens

Explain what happens when light is refracted

Explain what the uses are of lenses

Label the parts of the eye

Describe how the eye works

Explain how a pinhole camera produces and image 

Link to how modern cameras work
Recite the order of the rainbow

Describe what happens when light travels through materials

Explain how filters and coloured materials subtract light

Predict what would happen to white light through multiple Prisms

State the two types of waves.  

State that waves transfer energy from one place to another

Describe the different types of waves and their features. 

Describe how sound waves travel 
Explain why the speed of sound is different in different materials Compare the speed of sound and speed of light

State the hearing range of humans

Describe how loudness and Amplitude are related. Describe the link between pitch and frequency Predict what happens to the pattern of waves at different pitches and loudness  Compare different hearing ranges 

Label the parts of the ear 

Describe what each part of the ear does  Explain how hearing can be damaged Explain how microphones work

Year 8, Autumn Term, Unit 2

I can (Foundation)…

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)...  I can (Excellent)... 

State what elements make up compounds

Write the chemical names for simple compounds  Interpret word equations for different reactions 

Write and interpret chemical formulae 

State What are polymers? 

Describe polymer properties  Explain how polymer properties make them suitable for their uses  Compare different polymers. 
list which metal carbonates will thermally decompose State what is meant by the conservation of mass

investigate whether all carbonates behave/ react in the same way.  

Describe what happens to the particles during a chemical reaction 

to conclude whether all carbonates behave/ react in the same way.  

Model what happens during a reaction
Link balancing equations to conservation of mass 

State the difference between endothermic and exothermic reactions

Carry out an investigation into exothermic and endothermic reactions  Explain what is meant by and endothermic and exothermic reaction   

To be able to interpret word equations

To be able to describe a chemical reaction using particles To be able to write word equations for the reactions between metals and oxygen Write balanced word equations for metals reacting with oxygen 

State what happens when metals react with water

Describe why certain metals can be used with water Write word equations to show the reaction of metals with water Compare the reactions of different metals with water 

Recognise where metals go in the reactivity series. 

Describe how we put metals in the reactivity series.  Select metals and explain why they are useful for their jobs  Link where metals are in the periodic table to how reactive they are. 

State what a displacement reaction is. 

Predict pairs of substances that react in displacement reactions  Use the reactivity series to explain displacement reactions.  Write balanced equations to show the reaction. 

Use the reactivity series to decide which metals can be extracted from their ores by carbon 

Write a word equation to show how iron is extracted from its ore.  Explain how we extract metals from their ores.  Calculate the amount of metals in ores 

Year 8, Autumn Term, Unit 3

I can (Foundation)…

I can (Developing)... 

I can (Secure)...  I can (Excellent)... 

Label the structure of the Earth 

Describe the composites of the Air 

Explain how we can find out what the Earth is made from 

Compare the different layers of the Earth 

Give the properties of sedimentary rocks 

Describe the processes by which sedimentary layers are produced 

Explain how fossils are made  Relate sedimentary layers to the processes by which they are formed 

State that igneous rocks are formed form volcanos.  

I can state where metamorphic rocks form 

Describe the characteristics of igneous rock 

Name types of and describe the characteristics of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks 

Explain how igneous rock is formed  

Describe and explain how sedimentary rock, metamorphic rock and igneous rock forms 

Explain in terms of the particle model how different rates of cooling lead to different crystal size 


Bring together physical and chemical processes to explain the formation of different types of rocks and the rock cycle 

State the properties of ceramics 

Describe how their properties make them ideal for different uses  Draw a graph to identify ceramics  Suggest other uses for ceramics 

Use the carbon cycle to identify stores of carbon 

Describe the process that occur in the carbon cycle  Explain why the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere did not change for many years  Link the processes of the carbon cycle 

Show in a picture what global warming is 

State what global warming means 

Describe which factors create global warming 

Describe the evidence that makes people believe global warming is happening 
I can explain the effects of global warming 

State what is meant by reduce, reuse and recycle 

Describe how recycling can help the environment  Explain how aluminium is recycled  Analyse the advantages and disadvantages of recycling 

List the order of the seasons 

Describe the position of the Earth and Sun to make the seasons and day and night  Explain the motion of the sun, stars and moon across the sky  Link the Earth’s position to eclipses 
List the phases the moon goes through  Draw a diagram to describe how we get different phases  Explain why we see eclipses.  Propose a solution to the question; why do some parts of the world see more eclipses than others? 

List objects you would see in the night sky 

Describe objects you would see in the night sky  Describe what the universe looks like  Explain why when we look at the stars we are looking into the past 

List the planets in order 

Describe some similarities and difference between objects in the solar system  

Describe what we thought the solar system use to look like 
Explain why it took so long for people to change their minds about the solar system  Evaluate the evidence used to change people’s mind about the solar system